From the roots of intolerance, education yields empathy and knowledge

THE HISTORY OF GENOCIDE MUST BE TAUGHT
in every High School
in North America

The mission of The Foundation for Genocide Education is to collaborate with governments to ensure that the history of genocide and the steps leading to it are taught in high schools across Canada and the United States.

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Genocides around the world
1
The Armenian genocide was the systematic deportation and killing of 1.5 million ethnic Armenians, carried out by the Turkish state between 1915 and 1923.
2
Holodomor was the death through starvation of about four million Ukrainians, in an artificial famine caused by the policies of Communist Party and Soviet government authorities headed by Josef Stalin in 1932-33.
3
The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the systematic persecution and mass murder of 6 million Jews by Nazi Germany and its collaborators from 1933 to 1945. Around two-thirds of Europe’ Jewish population was killed. The murders were carried out in mass shootings, through forced labour in concentration camps and gas chambers in extermination camps.
4
The 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda was the planned campaign of mass murder of 800,000 Tutsis in Rwanda perpetrated by the Hutus that occurred in April–July 1994
5
The Bosnian genocide was the systematic murder of 100,000 people, 80% of whom were Bosniaks, during the Bosnian War of 1992-1995. In July 1995, Bosnian Serb forces killed as many as 8,000 Bosniak men and boys from the town of Srebrenica. It was the largest massacre in Europe since the Holocaust.
6
The Cambodian genocide (1975-1979) was the systematic persecution and killing of 1.5 to 2 million Cambodians by the Khmer Rouge under the leadership of Pol Pot, who radically pushed Cambodia towards communism.
7
The “Darfur Genocide” refers to the current mass slaughter and rape of Darfuri men, women, and children in Western Sudan. The killings began in 2003 and continue to this day. Over 400,000 men, women and children have died, and more than 2.8 million have been displaced.
8
The Herero and Nama genocide was waged by the German Empire against the Ovaherero, the Nama, and the San in German South West Africa (now Namibia). It occurred between 1904 and 1908, and over 80% of the Nama and Herero population was killed.
9
Between 1933 and 1945, Romas and Sintis (now referred to as Gypsies) across German-occupied Europe were subjected to arbitrary confinement, forced labor, and mass killing, leading to 500,000 men, women, and children being murdered.
10
The First Nations Cultural Genocide is the history of the violent acts and assimilatory policies committed against First Nations across Canada, such as the residential schools. Between 1880 and 1996, 150,000 First Nations students were forcibly removed from their families and incarcerated in residential schools rife with abuse.
11
The Rohingya genocide refers to the ongoing military crackdown on Muslim Rohingyas by Myanmar’s armed forces and police, which had been occurring since 2016. Over 25,000 people have died and 700,000 have been displaced.
12
The East Timor Genocide refers to the killing of 20-25% of the East Timor population, perpetrated by Indonesia’s military dictatorship, during the Indonesian occupation which laste from 1975 to 1999.
13
The Guatemalan Genocide refers to the killing of 200,000 Guatemalans, 83% of those were Mayas, perpetrated by the US-backed Guatemalan military. The Guatemalan Genocide took place during the Guatemalan civil war, which lasted between 1960 and 1996.
14
The genocide of the Yazidis was perpetrated in 2014 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) in northern Iraq. The genocide led to the exile of the Yazidis from their ancestral land. Thousands of Yazidi women and girls were forced into sexual slavery by the Islamic State, and thousands of Yazidi men were killed.

CANADIAN RECOGNIZED GENOCIDES

1. The Armenian Genocide

The Armenian Genocide was the systematic deportation and killing of 1.5 million ethnic Armenians, carried out by the Turkish state between 1915 and 1923.

2. The Ukrainian Famine and Genocide

Holodomor was the death through starvation of about four million Ukrainians, in an artificial famine caused by the policies of Communist Party and Soviet government authorities headed by Josef Stalin in 1932-33.

3. The Holocaust

The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the systematic persecution and mass murder of 6 million Jews by Nazi Germany and its collaborators from 1933 to 1945. Around two-thirds of Europe’ Jewish population was killed. The murders were carried out in mass shootings, through forced labour in concentration camps and gas chambers in extermination camps.

4. 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda

The 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda was the planned campaign of mass murder of 800,000 Tutsis in Rwanda perpetrated by the Hutus that occurred in April–July 1994.

5. The Bosnian Genocide

The Bosnian genocide was the systematic murder of 100,000 people, 80% of whom were Bosniaks, during the Bosnian War of 1992-1995. In July 1995, Bosnian Serb forces killed as many as 8,000 Bosniak men and boys from the town of Srebrenica. It was the largest massacre in Europe since the Holocaust.

OTHER RECOGNIZED GENOCIDES

6. Cambodia

The Cambodian genocide (1975-1979) was the systematic persecution and killing of 1.5 to 2 million Cambodians by the Khmer Rouge under the leadership of Pol Pot, who radically pushed Cambodia towards communism.

7. Darfur

The “Darfur Genocide” refers to the current mass slaughter and rape of Darfuri men, women, and children in Western Sudan. The killings began in 2003 and continue to this day. Over 400,000 men, women and children have died, and more than 2.8 million have been displaced.

9. The Roma and the Sinti

Between 1933 and 1945, Romas and Sintis (now referred to as Gypsies) across German-occupied Europe were subjected to arbitrary confinement, forced labor, and mass killing, leading to 500,000 men, women, and children being murdered.

8. The Herero and the Namas

The Herero and Nama genocide was waged by the German Empire against the Ovaherero, the Nama, and the San in German South West Africa (now Namibia). It occurred between 1904 and 1908, and over 80% of the Nama and Herero population was killed.

10. The First Nations

The First Nations Cultural Genocide is the history of the violent acts and assimilatory policies committed against First Nations across Canada, such as the residential schools. Between 1880 and 1996, 150,000 First Nations students were forcibly removed from their families and incarcerated in residential schools rife with abuse.

11. The Rohingya

The Rohingya genocide refers to the ongoing military crackdown on Muslim Rohingyas by Myanmar’s armed forces and police, which had been occurring since 2016. Over 25,000 people have died and 700,000 have been displaced.

12. East Timor

The East Timor Genocide refers to the killing of 20-25% of the East Timor population, perpetrated by Indonesia’s military dictatorship, during the Indonesian occupation which laste from 1975 to 1999.

13. Guatemala

The Guatemalan Genocide refers to the killing of 200,000 Guatemalans, 83% of those were Mayas, perpetrated by the US-backed Guatemalan military. The Guatemalan Genocide took place during the Guatemalan civil war, which lasted between 1960 and 1996.

14. Yazidi Genocide

The genocide of the Yazidis was perpetrated in 2014 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) in northern Iraq. The genocide led to the exile of the Yazidis from their ancestral land. Thousands of Yazidi women and girls were forced into sexual slavery by the Islamic State, and thousands of Yazidi men were killed.

Why Genocide Education Matters

Teaching and learning about the history of genocide is a powerful tool to countering hate and discrimination in the world. Through studying this history, students can understand how racist policies divide communities and create environments that make genocide possible.

23% of adults 18-39

believe the Holocaust was a myth or had been exaggerated

80

of American millennial and Gen Z

adults believe Holocaust education should be compulsory in schools

53% of Quebecers

did not learn in school that roughly 6 million Jews were murdered by the Nazis

15

US States

8

Countries Worldwide

0

Canadian Provinces

have mandated the teaching of genocide

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